Animal studies have failed to reveal evidence of embryotoxicity or teratogenicity. Levels reported were 57% (at 2 to 4 hours postdose) to 1000% (at 10 to 12 hours postdose) of that found in maternal serum. In rabbits, gastrointestinal toxicity was observed with oral doses and resulted in maternal weight loss and increased incidence of abortion, intrauterine deaths, and fetal retardation (but no teratogenicity); no maternal toxicity (and no embryotoxicity or teratogenicity) observed with IV doses. An expert review by the Teratogen Information System concluded that substantial teratogenic risk is unlikely using therapeutic doses; data insufficient to state there is no risk. In a controlled prospective observational study, 200 women exposed to fluoroquinolones (52.5% to ciprofloxacin and 68% during the first trimester) during gestation were followed. No increased risk of major malformations associated with in utero fluoroquinolone exposure during embryogenesis. Major congenital malformation rates were 2.2% for the fluoroquinolone group and 2.6% for the control group; background rate of major malformations was 1% to 5%. Rates of spontaneous abortions, prematurity, and low birth weight were not different between the groups; no clinically significant musculoskeletal dysfunctions observed in infants (up to 1 year of age) exposed to this drug. A prospective follow-up study by the European Network of Teratology Information Services reported on 549 pregnancies with fluoroquinolone exposure; 93% were first-trimester exposures and included all 70 exposures to ciprofloxacin. In every pregnancy, a woman starts out with a 3-5% chance of having a baby with a birth defect. This sheet talks about whether exposure to ciprofloxacin may increase the risk for birth defects over that background risk. This information should not take the place of medical care and advice from your health care provider. Most studies did not find an increased chance for birth defects when women took ciprofloxacin or other quinolone antibiotics during the first trimester of pregnancy. Because these studies included women taking ciprofloxacin for only five to seven days, the effects of long-term use are not well known. However, there was not an increased chance for birth defects in a small number of babies exposed to longer periods of use. There does not seem to be an increased chance for harmful effects on the baby if ciprofloxacin is taken later in pregnancy. While not likely to affect a pregnancy, ciprofloxacin has been associated with joint pain and, rarely, tendon rupture in the person taking the medication. Any joint pain due to ciprofloxacin typically goes away after stopping the medication. Sertraline treatment Valtrex 500 mg Aug 15, 2018. Advice and warnings for the use of Ciprofloxacin during pregnancy. FDA Pregnancy Category C - Risk cannot be ruled out. Common bacterial infections during pregnancy include urinary tract infections and group B strep. For such infections, antibiotics are the only medications that will help you get better, and you. Urinary tract infections during pregnancy can lead to serious consequences if left untreated. Antibiotics commonly used for this condition have not been found to be associated with an increased risk of birth defects when used during pregnancy. Some antibiotics are safe to take throughout pregnancy, some pose known risks to a developing baby, and a host of others fall in between. When a drug falls into this last category, it's because there's not enough safety information available or the potential risk of the drug needs to be carefully weighed against the harmful effects of the condition it's being used to treat. In other words, if you're very sick and an antibiotic is the only thing that will help you get better, you may need to take it in spite of the potential risk to your baby. In some cases, not treating your illness could be more risky for your baby's health than exposing him to an antibiotic. Urinary tract infecions in pregnancy treatment and management. What's more, as with any medication, the safety of a particular antibiotic depends not only on the characteristics of the drug itself but on factors such as how much you take, how long you take it, and where you are in your pregnancy. With so many antibiotics available, it isn't possible to list all of them here. But common antibiotics that are generally considered safe during pregnancy include penicillins (such as amoxicillin and ampicillin), cephalosporins (such as cephalexin), and erythromycin. Antibacterial medication use during pregnancy and risk of birth defects: National Prevention Study. At any given time, more than 10 million women in the United States are pregnant or lactating, and exposing a fetus or newborn to antibiotics can pose a unique threat. Changes during pregnancy and lactation also can trigger pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic modifications that alter the effectiveness of antibiotics. Nahum and colleagues reviewed the literature on antibiotic use to provide updated, evidence-based information on antibiotic use in women who are pregnant or lactating. The researchers examined published medical literature, sources on teratogenicity and prescribing for women who are lactating or pregnant, and they abstracted data from product labels for drugs approved by the U. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use during pregnancy. The authors identified 124 references that covered 11 commonly prescribed antibiotics, all of which cross the placenta and are excreted in human breast milk. There was no teratogenic potential for penicillins G and V potassium (V-Cillink); unlikely potential for amoxicillin, chloramphenicol (Chloromycetin), ciprofloxacin (Cipro), doxycycline (Vibramycin), levofloxacin (Levaquin), and rifampin (Rifadin); and undetermined potential for clindamycin (Cleocin), vancomycin, and gentamicin. All agents were FDA Pregnancy Category B (amoxicillin, clindamycin, penicillin G, penicillin V potassium, and vancomycin) or C (chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, levofloxacin, and rifampin), except for doxycycline, which was category D. Ciprofloxacin during pregnancy Ciprofloxacin and Pregnancy - Antibiotics Home Page, Antibiotics and Pregnancy Are They Safe? - Parents Inderal for stage fright Infections during pregnancy are common, but which antibiotics are safe to use? Find out how they are classified and what you should know to keep Baby safe. Infections in Pregnancy Use of Antibiotics Healthline. Urinary tract infections in pregnancy - PubMed Central PMC. Cipro Use During Pregnancy PharmacistAnswers. Mar 28, 2018. Ciprofloxacin - Get up-to-date information on Ciprofloxacin side effects. Ciprofloxacin should be used during pregnancy only if the possible. Apr 1, 2018. While not likely to affect a pregnancy, ciprofloxacin has been associated with joint pain and, rarely, tendon rupture in the person taking the.